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Invention of Internet and Its Evolution

Last updated on August 12th, 2020 at 05:10 pm

Probably one of the greatest and most important inventions of the modern era is the ‘INTERNET’. Initially, it appeared as very sophisticated technology. But, when we realized it true potential it has emerged as an integral part of our day-to-day life. Today, even imagining a day without the internet is close to a nightmare. Without any doubt, today it is not just a technology but a necessary requirement to execute multiple tasks efficiently, in less time and securely. Besides that, have you ever thought how did the entire concept of the Internet come into being?

Internet Network Connection

Internet origin comes from a military project. The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) program consisted of networked country-wide radar systems together for the first time. This was created around 1958 as part of an attempt to regain the lead in technology from the Soviet Union who had recently launched Sputnik. J.C.R. Licklider the head of the committee which controlled the SAGE project. He envisioned universal networking as a unifying human revolution.  Soon after, the US came with ARPA,   The Advanced Research Projects Agency. This was an agency for missile research.

Here is a brief timeline of the milestones that led to the invention of the world’s most widely used technology-

  • 1958, the Establishment of NASA, and the whole activity of ARPA changed its headquarters. One of ARPA’s main goals was to gather information from universities all over the US, with as little time possible spent, and under the same language and protocol. Thus, in 1969 the creation of the first computer network took place. It was inevitable for the small ARPA to become nationwide, with a very large availability, even for common households.
  • 1972, Ray Tomlinson, from ARPA developed the first e-mail program. A few months later, the NCP(Network Control Protocol) was introduced, in order for computers to communicate with each other. At the end of the year, ARPA changes its name to DARPA, the same thing, only with Defense in the beginning.
  • 4 years later Robert Metcalfe developed the Ethernet. In March 1976, the Queen of England sends the first e-mail in history, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment in Malvern.
  • In 1981 a revolution is produced. The National Science Foundation releases a program called CSNET 56, which allowed computers to the network without the government interfering. After two years, the TCP/IP becomes the standard for Internet Protocol.
  • One year later, there were more than 1000 hosts. Three years later, the number exceeds 10 000. In 1989, the number skyrockets to over 100 000, and ARPANET ceases to exist and makes way for ANS, the Advanced Network & Services.
  • 1991, one year after the creation of the first search engine, the Government gives the green light for commercial activities to take place over the internet. In the same year, the release of the World Wide Web took place. One year after that, the US had more than 1.000.000 users.

Modern Day Evolution of Internet Timeline –

  • 1996, Nokia releases the first cell phone with access to the internet.
  • 1999, the Wi-Fi is standardized.
  • 2001, Blackberry releases the first internet cell phone in the world. In the same year, peer 2 peer file sharing bursts, with people all over the world downloading music, movies, and other files.
  • By 2002, 200 universities around the world have internet access, as well as 60 corporations.
  • 2005- YouTube launches.
  • In 2006, an estimate of over 90 million websites exist.
  • In 2008, Google’s index has more than 1.000.000.000.000 links. A few months later, NASA successfully tests the first deep space communications network modeled on the Internet.
  • In 2014, Google & Browser community enforce safer internet with HTTPS.
  • In 2016, Google Assistant greets the world. Chatbots join the Internet Race.
  • In 2018, the year of Chatbots and AIs implementations.
Video Source – ” Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell “

Besides this, you can view our video and blog collections in the Video Section & Blog Section of the website.

Akshat Mishra is currently pursuing his doctoral degree in Physics from Lund University in Sweden. He feels the need to explore the depths of the not-so-dark universe while at the same time watch the quanta in action. Electronic Music is what puts him in the thinking zone.

Akshat Mishrahttps://www.scilynk.in/akshat-mishra
Akshat Mishra is currently pursuing his doctoral degree in Physics from Lund University in Sweden. He feels the need to explore the depths of the not-so-dark universe while at the same time watch the quanta in action. Electronic Music is what puts him in the thinking zone.

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